The words hypermobile and hypomobile can be used in a few different ways to describe the SI joint, or any joint in the body.
Let’s start by talking about what these words actually mean.
Hypomobility refers to a joint that’s moving less than a healthy joint would. (The prefix hypo- means “less”).
Hypermobility refers to a joint that’s moving more than a healthy joint would. (The prefix hyper- means “more”).
I have experienced both hypo- and hypermobility in my SI joints. And while it’s important to know exactly why your SI joints are causing pain (are they moving too much or too little?) the two problems can be two sides of the same coin.
When an SI joints locks up, it means that the hip bone on one side has rotated so far backwards that it has become wedged against the sacrum. Technically, that’s a case of hypomobility— if the hip bone is stuck, it’s no longer moving as much as it’s supposed to).
But, to take a step back for moment… how did things get this way? How did the hip bone move so far out of its normal range of motion that it is now wedged abnormally against another bone?
Hypermobility is what allowed that to happen in the first place– the ligaments that were supposed to hold the hip bone in place weren’t doing their job.
So, you can see how in cases of ligament instability like mine, the terms hypo- and hypermobility can simply refer to the same problem at different moments in time. Both terms simply refer to how much the hip bone is moving in relation to the sacrum.
According to my chiropractor, it’s pretty common to find that when one SI joint is hypomobile (stuck), the other is hypermobile. It’s the body’s attempt to compensate– when motion is restricted on one side of the body, the body will find a way to increase motion on the other side.
I use the word hypermobile in another way on this blog as well.
So, what I just explained to you above is how hypo- and hypermobile can be used to explain the function of a joint.
However, the word hypermobile can also be used to describe the shape of a joint– not just the way the joint is acting because of an injury, but the actual shape of the joint you were born with, and how that shape affects your ability to function.
I personally was born with joints that are hypermobile– that is to say, my joints just naturally move more than they were intended to do. This has left me vulnerable to all kinds of injuries and problems, because when you have hypermobile joints, it ends up putting extra stress on the ligaments that hold the joint together.
I don’t want to go into more detail and totally confuse you in this post, but if you want to read more about this type of joint hypermobility, you can check out this post:
I also describe a few additional factors in what makes a joint more or less stable in:
That’s all for now! Hope this was helpful!